Wednesday, March 18, 2020

How To Conduct Online Classes During Corona Virus Outbreak Covid-19|Tutorial for Teachers & Students.

March 18, 2020

How To Conduct Online Classes During Corona Virus Outbreak Covid-19|Tutorial for Teachers & Students.
Due to Novel Corona Virus Outbreak (Covid-19) all Public activities are suspended. All educational institutes including Schools, Colleges and universities are locked down. Now majority of educational institutes are planning to conduct remote or distance learning online classes and also companies have directed their employees to work from home. I have made this video tutorial to understand "How to conduct online classes during corona Virus outbreak covid-19|Tutorial for Teachers & Students".

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Sunday, January 26, 2020

How to increase sales on E commerce platforms Amazon, Ebay, Etsy, Shopify

January 26, 2020

How to increase sales on E commerce platforms Amazon, Ebay, Etsy, Shopify

Time has gone, when big marketing companies were doing their multi million dollars business through physical outlets, traditional marketing platforms. Now is the era of ecommerce. Yes, ecommerce where buyers and sellers buy and sell goods and services through virtual platforms, or in other words we can say, they sell and buy on digital market places. The renowned market places are AMZON, EBAY. ETSY, ALI BABA, ALI express etc.

But again question is that, these ,market places are full of competition, thousands of sellers are selling same or related products and services, then how one can get success on these digital platforms. Yes, your objection is right but there is solution of every problem.

There are multiple factors that are responsible for the success of any seller of these market places. 

  • Quality products
  • Quick delivery
  • Excellent customer support service
  • Reasonable price
  • Positive customer feedback
These are some main factors, which determine sellers success on any digital marketplace.

  • Quality products
Quality is foremost important factor in the success of any business. Best product or service is that, which can solve problems of the customer. So, here quality can refer to the solution for the customer.
  • Quick delivery
Every customer wants quick delivery of product at his/her doorstep. Fortunately, today's digital marketplaces solved this problem. Especially, AMAZON has it's robust business model, which is called FBA Fulfillment by amazon, in which AMAZON takes care of your products, it actually receives seller products in it's warehouses, it store, pick and pack and deliver to customer within a day even. It also handle product returns and deal customers feedback. So, how about other market places. Ecommerce marketplaces such EBAY, ETSY, ALI EXPRESS don't have such a quick delivery service but they have another good thing, that is low price than AMAZON.

According to supply chain rules, at one time only one thing can be achieved, either it's is efficiency means low prices or responsiveness means quick delivery. 

  • Excellent customer support service
Customer support service is the key for returning customers and more conversion rates. Though it's difficult too. To keep your customer happy is the most hard job but it's very important for all businesses.
  • Reasonable price
Low prices always attract customers, but one must not compromise quality over low price. Successful products is always with good quality and reasonable prices. So keep your prices reasonable as compared to your competitors.
  • Positive customer feedback
Positive feedback is the most crucial factor for the rating of your profile on digital marketplaces. Customers always see reviews and comments on seller profile to buy new products. So, positive feedback is the main key for sales velocity and returning customers.

These are some most important factors to increase your sales on E-commerce platforms. There is nothing a magic tool to sky rocket your sales overnight but these factors are the tools to boost your product sales.

How to deal with negative feedback?

Might be one question is arising in your mind, how to deal unsatisfied customers, who leave negative feedbcak on your seller accounts. I can help you to remove negative feedbcak from your sellers accounts for EBAY, ETSY, REVERB etc in no time. I am a professional to handle customer services. I can maintain 100 % rating of your account to increase your organic orders, which will ultimately increase your sales. 

You can approach me on Fiverr, through this gig or contact me on for my professional services. 

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Wednesday, January 8, 2020

How education can help to create employment?

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January 08, 2020

How education can help to create employment?

Education is not just piece of paper time spent in high school, college or graduate school helps you master both basic and advanced skills. The longer you spent the better your writing, reading and communication skills will become writing research and classes can also improve your  knowledge  skills, which are key in a competitive job market you will also become accustomed to interacting with a wide variety of people. These social skills can serve you will in the job search even if the job you wan does not require a specific degree when you will graduate then you will do job that we called employment.

Many jobs have minimum educational requirement but without any skills you can not do any job.
There is a direct correlation between the level of education you achieve and your like board of finding job.

What are the reason of unemployment so because of not have any educational skills and he was in government school but he has no any skills so, that is unemployment and you have good knowledge about your education then you will go everywhere for any job then you will employer because you have every skills. Education means a lot in everyone life as if facilitates our learning, knowledge and skills. It completely change our mind and personality and helps us to attain the positive attitudes.
We must give importance to the education then other targets in life as if is the only source of real happiness in our life.

We all want to see our kids going towards success which is only possible through the good and proper education. Every parent tells their kids from childhood about the importance of education in the life and all advantages of education to make their mind towards better study in the future. Make your kids and children habitual of writing essays, participates in debates and discussion and many more skills and activities in the schools or at home using such simple essays. We are here to help you kids better future by providing simple essay on importance education for job for employment.
When you are going to something new about your job then first you will do education then you will do skills of your mind and observe some skills about education because when you will go for any job then you give interview so you will have knowledge about education and must to English then that we called employment .


Education creates the basis for employment the supply of labor – step by step from primary education through to the lertiary level for more highly skilled labour.  Education creates the resources for employment and for growth in business the public services and thus the economy as a whole.

Share of primary expected to be around 50%. In developing countries, where investment expenditure made from the education budget is often financial by donors outside the national budget, the share of personnel expenditure in the education budget can be as high as 95%.

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Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Retail businesses and their impact on Pakistan Economy

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January 07, 2020

Retail businesses and their impact on Pakistan Economy

Retail business is in activity in which selling goods to consumer or end users. Retailer may sell their business to whole seller or supplier in which they can sell their goods to another business.  
In the developed countries the growth potential of Asian markets has big retailing to including their business markets of the countries like Pakistan where retail potential is expected to $42 billion. The sector of the economy is the retail industry that’s comprised of individuals and companies engaged in the selling of finished products to and user consumer.       
The impact of economic retailing can be assessed by contribution to US GDP that is 66 percent. In market of Pakistan there is constant clash between challenges and opportunities, but chances favor to the economy of relaying these companies that are trying to establish themselves.     
Liberty and communication revolution has brought the global corporate culture in Pakistan, habits of people are changing rapidly with changing their lifestyle, ways of changing their living and buying behavior all things are changing.

The corporate sector benefaction activities and the interest that surround in Pakistan. The introduction of fast food chain stores, garments stores and international branded stores of different items is available everywhere.

There are several major problems in retail business.

Retailer have proved to be able to manage major challenges within the business. Retailer face customer demand with the seasonal tends as they can bear customer shopping behavior Retailers should experience brand loyalty to their customers. When promotions of new special offers to their customers they experience customer personalization. Retail managing its internal communication is not easy task. In retaining and engaging employees is one of tough challenges for the retailers.
We have discussed factor affecting retailing like social, technological, legal, competitive, economic and environmental etc. This tries to describe the segment in retailing have opportunity as well.
In retailing there is the nature never been changed experienced and seen better than now retailing includes all kinds must operates in policies methods and managerial strategies. The retailer has very familiar with the environmental factors.

Ethical, political, technological and competitive environment significantly influence the conduct of retail enterprise  and for each other the retailer has to be familiar with them to keep close attention on the likely changes which may be occur.


Pakistan is huge traditional market in retail sector this sector forms new ways of formats store like hyper mart store, supermarket and many other special store or available for customers retailing is very challenging task day by day in future our environment dynamic changes gradually and customers choice of tends also changes. Retailer has to plans their new rates with customers needs that can also improve business day by day. Foreign take interest to inter in Pakistan markets. Retailers shows great potential to grow their business all over world. Economy of business face new challenges and opportunities to fulfill consumer’s demands there is great competition between new type of retailer markets to improve their markets share in existing markets.


Students of BBA 2K19 batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad

Ali Raza

Bhavesh Kumar

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Can tourism play any role in the economy of Pakistan?

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January 07, 2020

Can tourism play any role in the economy of Pakistan?


Tourism is the activities of people travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for leisure, business or other purposes for not more than one consecutive year. Tourism industry is important for the benefits it brings and due to its role as a commercial activity that creates demand and growth for many more industries.


Pakistan is located in the hub of south Asian subcontinent. Given the geographic location of Pakistan it is heaven for tourist. Pakistan has been blessed by nature with some of the excellent and breath-taking visiting spots that are placed nearly all over the country. Especially, the northern areas and the Kashmir region are one of the most frequently in Pakistan include the Murree Hills, Bhurban, Ayubia, Patriata,Kaghan valley,Naran valley,Neelam valley and Swat valley. This past of the country is famous all around the world for its sky-high mountains, beautiful green valleys, mighty rivers, plentiful wildlife and beautiful lakes.

Now the question arises that can Tourism play any role in the economy of Pakistan? So if we see the previous condition of Pakistan’s economy about tourism, according to the Travel and Tourism competitive Report 2017 released by the World Economic Forum, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to Pakistan’s GDP in 2015 was US$328.3 million, making 2.8% of the total GDP. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) , the direct contribution of tourism to Pakistan’GDP in 2016 was US$7.6 billion, making 2.7% GDP. By 2025, the Government predicts tourism will contribute US$7.1 billion to the Pakistan’s economy.
The World Economic Forum’s Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report (TTCR) ranked Pakistan 125th out of 136 countries. Pakistan is on a lowest ranked to the tourism for its economy rate. Because our Government is not promoting the country for the tourism.
There are some issues in our Pakistan, which has some negative impact on our country’s economy about tourism.


Every Human being wants to safe is life at first. Pakistan’s tourism is declining mainly caused by terrorism. According to the report Pakistan become 7th dangerous country in the world for travel due to terrorism and target killing. So that’s why the foreign country’s people are afraid to visit the Pakistan.


Every person needs food place and vehicle and so on for survival in everywhere. Pakistan has high priced food, hotel a and transportation, which have made Pakistan a place that is beyond the reached and affordability of tourists due to high inflation rate, middle and poor class can’t afford.


Pakistan is facing some problems of modern transportation include traffic safety], declining fuel reserves, environmental problems, and inadequate public transportation facilities. These problems are most severe in countries that depend heavily on automobile transportation. 


As we know that tourism in Pakistan is a growing industry, and nowadays our country Pakistan is facing some critical issues which are affecting on the economy of Pakistan. According to the report and some studies about the tourism, economy of Pakistan can increase through tourism, and tourism also provide employment to people. If tourists visit historical places. We can share our norms, beliefs, customs values and so on. But to develop the country’s economy we need to work on some issues which is negatively influencing on Pakistan. So, here are some steps through which we promote tourism in country.


As we all know that terrorism and target killing is the biggest issue in our country, which create hurdles in the promotion of tourism, so the firstly government need to solve this issue, when people feel secure they definitely prefer to visit Pakistan, because security is the basic need of people to overall the world. So, we should give security to tourists.


When tourists come from foreign countries, they don’t have much knowledge of the country. They don’t know which place is where and where they want to go, we should make some information Centre for the tourists for guidance, where they gain guide for the visit where they want to go.


Through publicity we can show most beautiful sites of our country to the world, which can attract the tourists to visit our Pakistan’s lovely and beautiful scenery and places. We can promote it through famous newspapers and news channels. We can give online advertisement for publicity.


Tourists may prefer clean surroundings when they stay and visit some special sites or areas that is clean. So, we should clean our environment to promote tourism for our country.

In the end, we can say that tourism not only generate huge revenue but also its helps to create an image among the nations worldwide. Recently our prime minister had said that we are going to promote tourism industry to develop our country’s economy. So, for the promotion of our country’s tourism government should have to take a strong step and have to give some basic facilities to travel agencies, by which beyond they can facilitates the tourists. So, we think that nowadays Pakistan have 2.7% billion GDP, by promoting tourism we can more and more increase the economy rate in upcoming years through tourism. So, the tourism can also play a important role in the economy of Pakistan.


Students of BBA 2K19 batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad

  • Shan-e-Ashraf
  • Fatima Meer
  • Aqsa Ajmal

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Monday, January 6, 2020

Service industry’s role in the economy of Pakistan

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January 06, 2020

Service industry’s role in the economy of Pakistan


Services sector is largest and fastest growing sector in the world economy, accounting largest share in total output and employment in most developed countries.
The share of services sector in total GDP is 47 percent in low income countries, 53 percent in middle income countries and 73 percent in high income countries.
In case of Pakistan, the shares of services are increasing in all sectors of economy over the period.
In fact, the growth rate of services sector is higher than the growth rate of agriculture and industrial sector.
Services sector accounts for 54 percent of GDP and little over one-third of total employment. Services.

Main Body

The service sector contributes in all segments of the economy. But in recent times, technological advancement in human capital has been reflected expansion in services sector which has taken a tremendous turnabout in the growth trajectory of many developing economies.

Ø  With increasing complexity of modern industrial organization, manufacturing activities have become more and more service intensive, both upstream (e.g. design, research and development) and downstream (e.g. Marketing and advertising). Competitive advantages of a firm depends more on providing specialized service like financing and after-sales facilities than in production, which has increasingly become routinized. Even within the services sector intra services dependence has given rise to health catch-up phenomena.
Ø  The contribution of services has been increasing in the cross boarder trade and foreign direct investment that provides exports opportunities and lower-cost imports.
Ø Under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the WTO (1999) aims at liberalizing trade in services among its member countries. Trade in services has been defined in term of the following four modes covered in the GATS.
Ø sector has strong linkages with other sectors of economy; it provides essential inputs to agriculture sector and manufacturing sector.
The objective of this article is to analyses the importance of services sector in an economy and better understanding about Pakistan services sector.
The study also explores the relative performance of services sector and its contribution in the economic growth, trade and employment generation sector has strong linkages with other sectors of economy; it provides essential inputs to agriculture sector and manufacturing sector.
The objective of this paper.

In Pakistan we see that the of shares of services sectors increasing time by time in services economy .and the growth rate of service sector is higher than the rate of growth of manufacturing sector and also agricultural sectors and the services sectors join the strong points with the sector of economy ,and its provide us the inputs for our agricultural and manufacturing  sectors to make it strong.
the services sectors give the good amount of employment in our country. the services sectors not only give the country the job opportunity but it also give the taxes to the country which help the countries growth and the services sectors help the Pakistan economy and employment and make the batter performance of the trade and the economy .
Services sectors help for the trade communications, transport  and other sectors and its also provide the financial support to the producers and it not only give the facility to the consumers but it also give the good capital to the producers for the industrial and business work .
the public services sectors also give the facility to the public and they give the shelter to the public and medicines also and the provide the education in the country and they will work with the different organizations of the country to provide the good facilities to the citizen of the country .

The economy based on the services and its increasing the natural resources that having small industrial base , and the services sector also develop the human resource to provide the quality of education to the public for their better growth of country and they give them technical skills  and the service sectors also contribute the major share in the economics of our country and the big sector of our country is agriculture, and the sector help us to in agricultural sectors .
The services industry is very wide in its nature it covers  a large range of activities that add value to business and individuals but the output is not a physical product ,instead this industry enhances, maintain ,repairs shapes and perform different alternatives and altercations to psychical items .
It also covers activities such as transportation , medical services , education , banking , insurance , waste disposal , telecom munications services and other complex activities that are crucial to a society’s proper  functioning.
The services sector also represent the fastest growing rate sector of the economy in global range , and account 69 percent it give us of global output, 35 percent  it provide us globally employment and it nearly  20 percent of global trade of our country.
The value of the services in the whole world exports has increased by 41.7 percentage , whereas the value of all the goods has increased by 35.5 percent during 1975 to 2005.


The services sector has provided steady support to Pakistan’s economic growth. It share in GDP now stands a more than 50 percent. The paper analyses its continuation in the growth of the economy in general and the development of trade and generation of employment in particular. The study identifies the bottlenecks in its growth and suggest measures to remove them.
A set of policy the service sector is the very important role of Pakistan reforms has been suggested to make the sector more effective in the growth of the national economy.


Students of BBA 2K19 batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad

  • Ayesha 
  • Khalida
  • Usman 

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Saturday, January 4, 2020

How to reduce burden of migration from rural to Urban areas?

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January 04, 2020

How to reduce burden of migration from rural to Urban areas?

Migration from rural to urban cites is sometimes beneficial and in the other hand is burden on cites , in past some of the countries recognize that the economic development of cities is from migration of people’s from villages to cities, in economics they shift labor force from less productive work as agricultural work to more productive factories in cities that’s why this activity plays an important role in growth of economy in cities as we also give an example of china that shows China’s growth as a miracle of migration of rural to urban.
The worker’s from rural are hard workers so that’s why productivity output increases and economy growth accelerate and that is an advantage of migration.

There are also two factors who attract people’s to migrate one is 
    1)      Push Factors : Reasons why people  leave rural places,
Ø  Not enough jobs
Ø  Lack of food
Ø  Difficult conditions
Ø  Lack of clean water
Ø  Poor education
Ø  Poor electricity and technology
Ø  Poor sewerage
Ø  Limited or no health care
    2)      Pull Factors : Reasons people move to urban places,
Ø  More work opportunities
Ø  Access to shops
Ø  Better housing
Ø  Better education
Ø  More health care
Ø  Safer
Ø  Clean water
Ø  More technology

Solutions : 

The cities should use the cardinal rule, where their growth is planned, rather than letting them grow on their own. As the local government plans for the city, it should make sure that there is adequate infrastructure to support the growing population and residential areas should be located near civic bodies to improve service provision.
To reduce rural-urban migration, job opportunities can be created in rural areas. This will reduce stress exerted on cities by the increasing number of people. Restricting people to move to cities cannot be used to solve problems associated with urbanization. This is because each citizen has a right to move and settle anywhere as long as he or she is not infringing on other people’s rights.
The major causes of rural-urban migration is identified as; search for better wages, education, political and social stability, better technologies, employment and business opportunities.
1. Equality between residents in rural and urban areas,
2. Empowering rural women in all sectors like agricultural, light industry and etc,
3. Sustaining the necessary sources like food and technology, agricultural,
4. Rehabilitating the infrastructure in rural areas,
5. Providing all the necessary facilities and utilities in their rural areas,
6. Reducing deforestation
7. Providing as many job opportunities as possible in the rural areas e.g. light industry approach (car manufacturing, shoes factories) would be a good opportunity to stop migration from rural to urban areas.

These are some of many ways to stop the migration from rural to big cities.


Students of BBA 2K19 Batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh. 

  • Mansoor Alam 
  • Majid Ali
  • Sajid Ali 

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Rural women empowerment through online business-A case study of Sindhi hand made dresses and handicrafts.

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January 04, 2020

Rural women empowerment through online business-A case study of Sindhi hand made dresses and handicrafts.

Women empowerment:
Women empowerment process by which women gain power and control over their own lives and acquire the ability to make strategic choices is called women empowerment.

Rural women empowerment:

Education is the most important factor for the development of rural areas. Education takes us away from over population and also tell us how to fight with poverty, darkness and tradition backwardness. To improve the progress of society women in Pakistan playing an important role through their participation as social as well as economic activities directly or indirectly.
Rural women in Pakistan face many difficulties in every expect of life due to illiteracy. When women become empower, they contribute to their family income and become more energetic leader in their whole communities. In other words, we can say that if you built a woman, you built a community. Investment in the women is the smart investment, when she is empowered her generation and her family is empowered. Rural women are looking for different activities to be empower like hand made things such as embroidery dresses, handmade bags etc.
Women empowerment has following components:

  • Women have rights to do anything by their own choices.
  •     They have right to control their own lives both with in and out of their world.
  •     They have ability to make changes in social and economic societies.

How to empower women:

  • Following are the ways to empower women
  • Providing education.
  • Encouraging women to develop in their fields they are good at and make a career.
  • Providing minimum need like food, medical facilities and good houses.

Why need of women empowerment:

The main problem that were faced by women in past and still today these problems are continued.

  • Gender inequality
  • Women education
  • Dowry
  • Marriage in same cast and child marriage (still existing)

Women Literacy Rate:

In 2009 to 10 the literacy rate in Pakistan marginally increased to 57.7 per cent due to an increase in the literacy ratio of females in rural areas. During the preceding year the literacy rate was 57.4 per cent. The male literacy rate stood at 69.5 per cent while it was 45.2 per cent for females. According to the official definition, the literacy rate is that percentage of the population ten years and above which is able to read and write in any language. Though more than half of the rural population is illiterate, the ratio improved by over half a percentage point to 49.2 per cent by June 30, 2010 due to an increasing number of women and girls who can read and write. The female literacy ratio improved to 34.2 per cent, a progress of 0.8 per cent in a year. In rural areas, the 63.6 per cent male literacy rate improved by only 0.4 per cent in comparison. The literacy rate in urban areas marginally declined due to a dip in the number of men who qualify as literate. The urban literacy ratio decreased 0.1 per cent to 73.2 per cent, due to a fractional reduction in the male literacy rate. At present more than eight out of ten urban males are educated but the ratio is below that of 2008-09. The provincial literacy rates also depict interesting trends. In Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, the number of educated people increased, while it decreased in Sindh. The figure remained stagnant in Baluchistan at 51.5 per cent. Punjab turned out to be the most educated province, followed by Sindh, Baluchistan and Khyber -Pakhtunkhwa. In Sindh the percentage of educated people dropped by one per cent to 58.2 per cent in 2009-10. The declining ratios were witnessed across the divide, rural, urban, females and males. Contrary to that in Punjab the literacy rate increased to 59.6 per cent. Over half of the rural population is literate and the urban literacy ratio stood at almost three-fourth in the province. In Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa the literacy rate increased to 50.9 per cent, a progress of almost one per cent. The rural literacy rate increased to 48.4 per cent but the urban literacy dipped by 0.4 per cent. The urban literacy rate increased while the rural literacy rate declined. In terms of level of education, near four out of ten literate people are not even matriculates. Another one out of ten is below intermediate, the survey reveals. Only 4.7 per cent of the total literate population has cleared intermediate but not bachelor’s and just 4.3 per cent have a bachelor’s or above. Even today over four out of ten Pakistanis are illiterate according to official figures.

Barriers to Girls’ Education:

 Within the School System Many of the barriers to girls’ education are within the school system itself. The Pakistan government simply has not established an education system adequate to meet the needs of the country’s children, especially girls. While handing off responsibility to private school operators and religious schools might seem like a solution, nothing can absolve the state of its obligation, under international and domestic law, to ensure that all children receive a decent education something that simply is not happening in Pakistan now. Moreover, despite all the barriers, many people interviewed for this report described a growing demand for girls’ education, including in marginalized communities. Barriers to Girls’ Education outside the School System Aside from the barriers to education within the school system, girls also face barriers in their homes and in the community. These include poverty, child labor, gender discrimination and harmful social norms, and insecurity and dangers on the way to school.

How we can empower the handmade works of rural women of Sindh Pakistan:

There are many women in all over the world who are working in the rural areas of their country, they made clothes, handkerchief, embroidery  , doing stitching with their  hand and that embroidery and stitching are more attracting over the machine made goods .
So the thing is that how we can support that rural women of Sindh , we can help them to via modern technology we post their woks in social media “ twitter , Facebook , Instagram and so many other websites “ or in other way we  can give them training  to learn how they use that websites  and computer and android apps , this is very helpful for them in this time period “ The period of technology “ .
Many companies are working in this idea but they not giving the actual amount of their work , they are getting benefits to themselves , So in our point of view we can establish non for profit training institutes to encourage that women’s and appreciate their work and made them an  Entrepreneur and make them independent. 
The second option to empower their work is if they learn how to use apps and computer system and they sign in social media app but as we all know that it’s very hard thing to get popular the newly made pages and websites, so we take their embroidery’s photos and post that photos on already famous page and websites in worldwide so help them to selling their goods through online and get share in their profit and also in lose, this is a good idea in our point of view.

A case study of handicrafts of Sindhi women:

A city of Sindh named halla near the Hyderabad city is very famous for the handmade dresses of Sindhi culture included Sindhi women dresses , ajrak , men’s cultural Sindhi  topi and many other goods of women like shoes shawls , are available in every bus stops and petrol pumps with high prizes , the quality of goods are also best .  Shopkeepers collect the goods from rural areas of Sindh like thar, halla, umerkot, and sukkur and also many other and cities.
Umerkot and Halla are two cities which are very famous for Sindhi cultural dresses and handicrafts.


Students of BBA 2K19 Batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh.


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Friday, January 3, 2020

Causes of textile industry downfall in Pakistan

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January 03, 2020

Causes of textile industry downfall in Pakistan

Introduction: Textile is a Latin word that comes from the word “Texture” which means to “ weave”.Textile industry was started in 1950 our country. Textile industry is the backbone of Pakistan economy.
Textile industry is the largest manufacturing industry in Pakistan is the 8th largest exporter of textile in developed countries.
Pakistan is the 4th largest producer of cotton. Karachi is famous city for textile industry in Pakistan.
Textile industry is that converting the raw material into finished good and it includes textile developing, producing, manufacturing and distributing.
Causes of Textile Industry Downfall In Pakistan:
The textile industry of Pakistan in last two years facing many problems like high energy cost, shortage of electricity, high oil prices, high transportation cost, low material etc.
The main causes of textile industry downfall is noncompetitive international market. These are the following reasons for downfall of textile industry.
  1. Lack of research and development:
Most developed countries are using biotechnology to increase the production. They use research and innovations to achieve a goal, but Pakistan textile industries have no innovation. Most developed countries produce high quality of cotton for efficient work, but Pakistan have low quality of cotton because they have no innovations.

2.                  Lack of efficient machinery:
Most developed countries using efficient machinery to produce valuable goods and Pakistan have not efficient machinery to perform the task. So this is the reason to downfall of textile industry.

3.                  Low labour productivity: 
Many Asian countries have skilled labour to perform the task, But I n the Pakistan have not skilled labour to perform the task. In 1776 the book “Wealth of nation” Adam Smith gave the concept of division of labour is that breaking down the job into narrow repetitive task.

Using the pin industry as an example: Adam Smith claimed that 10 individuals, each doing a specialized task could produce about 48,000 pins a day among them. However, if each person worked alone performing each task separately and even, he produces 10 pins a day. Due to the skilled labour we can increase our productivity and lower the wastage of time.
4.                  Increasing cost of production:
Production cost of textile industry is increased due to the high interest rate, taxes and decreasing the value of Pakistani rupee. The value of Pakistani rupee is continuously decreasing because of increase in the cost of electricity the prices of production is increased. So this is the most difficult challenge for Pakistan textile industry to survive and compete the developed countries.
5.                  Raw material prices:
The prices of cotton and other raw material prices is increasing that affect the cost of production due to higher cost of production the demand for export is decreasing. So this is the reason of the downfall of textile industry.
6.                  Lack of electricity:
Load shedding  is a main reason of downfall of textile industry due to the load shedding  the production  process stop and goods are not produce the time and without electricity it is more difficult to again continue the production process.

Chart of textile industry:

Source: MarketLine
  1. We overcome the downfall of textile industry by using efficient machinery to produce goods.
  2. Uses of skilled labour for efficient work and better performance.
  3. To improve the supply chain, availability of clean cotton at competitive  rates.
  4. Uses of biotechnology and more research to achieve a goal. When a industry make innovation so we compete the international markets.
  5. Increase the export in foreign countries so we overcome the downfall of textile industry. 
  6. Stop the load shedding can continuously improve our economy by produce the goods.
Textile Industry is the backbone of the economy of Pakistan. The textile industry of Pakistan has an important role in the economic development. It contributes 8.5% in the GDP. Pakistan is the 8th largest exporter in textile industry. In the last two years textile industry facing difficulties because of the increase in the cost of production due to the less competition with international countries.


Students of BBA 2K19 Batch, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh. 


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